Tuesday, October 28, 2008

Mosul: Still Simmering

Without a doubt the situation in Iraq is better than what it was only a year ago. But tensions still simmer between the Sunnis and the Shiites, and between the Kurds, the Sunnis and the Shiites in Mosul in northern Iraq:

The Shiite-led government of Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki is squeezing out Kurdish units of the Iraqi Army from Mosul, sending the national police and army from Baghdad and trying to forge alliances with Sunni Arab hard-liners in the province, who have deep-seated feuds with the Kurdistan Regional Government led by Massoud Barzani.

The Kurds are resisting, underscoring yet again the depth of ethnic and sectarian divisions here and the difficulty of creating a united Iraq even when overall violence is down. Tension has risen to the point that last week American commanders held a series of emergency meetings with the Iraqi government and Kurdish officials, seeking to head off violence essentially between factions of the Iraqi government.

“It’s the perfect storm against the old festering background,” warned Brig. Gen. Raymond A. Thomas III, who oversees Nineveh and Kirkuk Provinces and the Kurdish region.

Worry is so high that the American military has already settled on a policy that may set a precedent, as the United States slowly withdraws to allow Iraqis to settle their own problems. If the Kurds and Iraqi government forces fight, the American military will “step aside,” General Thomas said, rather than “have United States servicemen get killed trying to play peacemaker.”

Certainly, times have changed. From the invasion on we have certainly been the peacemakers in Iraq, but the writing is on the wall. A combination of the drawing down of our forces, the primacy of the Iraqi national government and the inevitable increase in tensions over Mosul, will render us incapable of stopping any desire on the part of the Kurds or the Sunni or Shiite Arabs from duking it out over Mosul. And why should we? If either side is convinced that can retain by force what they cannot by politics alone, we are really in no position to stop them.

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